Kaart van Brasilien. [Manuscript Map of Brazil of the early 19th century / Manuskript – Landkarte von Brasilien].
Holland, [c.1820]. Original hand-coloured manuscript. Plate Size: 37 cm x 27.4 cm. Sheet Size: 39.3 cm x 29.7 cm. Original map. Very good condition. Slight creasing in lower part of sheet. Very minor tear to centre-fold crease at top edge. Centre-fold as issued.
Stunning water-colour manuscript map. Adorned with eye-catching calligraphy, a very interesting triple-bordered map of Brazil from the early 19th Century – a period of sweeping geopolitical change throughout the Americas. The major rivers are shown and relief is depicted by hachures. Rio Janeiro and Montevideo are among the urban areas identified. Brazil’s subdivisions are delineated, and the Provinces, such as Ceara and Matto Grosso, identified. The nomenclature of these provinces and the political identities attributed to the geographic entities allow the modern viewer to place the origins of the map somewhere around the 1820s. The provinces of Brazil were the primary subdivisions of the country during the period of the Empire of Brazil (1822-1889).
Neighbouring Brazil we see the Republic of Columbia (which declared independence in 1810) and Republic of Peru (whose Declaration of Independence was announced in 1821). The ‘verenigde provincien van lacio America’ (United Provinces of South America) are also identified. These emerged from 1810 onwards.
Brazil is seen to include the Cisplatina Province, created by the Brazilian annexation of territory which would eventually become the independent Republic of Uruaguay in 1828.
This appears to date the map to the mid-1820s – between 1822 and 1828 – when the Empire of Brazil declared its independence from Portugal, or as it was known as, the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarve.