De Jure Praegnantium – Vom Rechte Schwangerer Weiber [On the Rights of Pregnant Women – Abortion / Adultery / Marriage Fraud in the 18th century].
First Edition. Jena, Literis Ac Sumtibus Joh.Christ. Croeker, 1744. Octavo (17 cm x 21,5 cm). 160 pages plus 8 pages of an Index. Modern Hardcover with 18th-century bookblock bound in. Excellent condition with some minor signs of wear only. Faded dampstain to lower margins of some pages. An immensely important, early publication on women’s rights and pregnant women and their rights in particular.
A striking publication which discusses legal consequences of Abortion in 18th century Europe:
[On Abortion]: Punishment is discussed for “a person who helps to abort a pregnancy of a living child by applying force, by administering certain foods or drinks or for a person who makes a man or woman barren/infertile, if this person would be a man, he shall be struck by the sword and if it is a woman, she shall be drowned. If an abortion would be administered of a child that is not yet “living”, the case shall be overseen by legal professionals and the courts” /
Includes also several sections in which cases are determined in german and latin, for example a case in which a shepherd made five women pregnant and promised all of them marriage (Once he was found out, instead of looking after all the women, he had to leave the country) / Adultery Cases are discussed in which a woman who has an affair and gives birth to a child, this child will be declared “honorable” as long as if she is “willing” when her real husband desired her / etc.
Includes also some interesting legal positions on behaviour towards pregant women in other confessions like Islam and Judaism: Plutarch gets cited in conjunction with “legal punishment for women of jewish confession who commits adultery has to be forced in winter for 40 days in a row to stand in cold water up to her belly button and in summer be seated on top of an ant-hill and parallel for a whole year walk without a shirt and sleep at night outside the door”.
Includes sections with the following keywords: Abortionis poculum / Abortum obstetrix / Abortus quandoque de benignitate Dei euertuntur / Alimentatio infantis /