Original Photograph / Vintage Albumen Print from c. 1885 / 1890, of the recently erected Statue / Sculpture [Bronze] of norwegian educator, jurist, economist and politician, Anton Martin Schweigaard. The rare photograph shows the statue at its original location, with locals walking in front. The sculptor of Schweigaard’s Statue was nowegian sculptor and educator Julius Olavus Middelthun, who taught among others, Edvard Munch at the Royal Drawing School in Christiania (Tegneskolen i Kristiania). Original Lithograph / Lithographic portrait by P.Gemzøe.
Christiania [Oslo], [Middelthun], c.1885 – 1890. 8 cm x 5,7 cm. 1 Albumen Print, mounted on card and titled in manuscript hand: “Christiania – Université – Statue de Schweigaard”. Softcover. The rare, original photograph comes from a french travellers album and is in excellent condition.
Anton Martin Schweigaard (11 April 1808 – 1 February 1870) was a Norwegian educator, jurist, economist and member of the Norwegian Parliament. Schweigaard was born at Kragerø in Telemark, Norway. He was one of three children of Jørgen Fredrik Schweigaard (1771–1818) and Johanne Marie Dahll (1785–1818). Both parents died when he was 10 years old and the children were raised by their grandmother. He studied law at the University of Christiania, where he received his degree in 1832. The following year, the Norwegian Parliament gave him a scholarship to study abroad in Germany and France.
When he returned to Norway, he got a position as a lecturer at the University of Christiania. He was a professor of both jurisprudence and economics during the 1830s and 1840s. In economic theory, he was an extremely influential publicist for economic liberalism, although not a supporter of Laissez-faire economic ideology. He advocated that the state had an important and necessary role to play in economic life. He is widely credited in helping bring about Norway’s change to a capitalist economy. In legal theory, Schweigaard was opposed to the German jurisprudence and legal philosophy that had dominated Northern Europe since the Age of Enlightenment, including natural law. He believed that the stark dichotomies of conceptualism were misleading. Schweigaard figures prominently the theory of Nordic legal pragmatism advanced by Sverre Blandhol, along with Anders Sandøe Ørsted and Friedrich Karl von Savigny.
From 1842 to 1869, he was a member of the Norwegian Parliament. His strong belief in the country’s economic capabilities made him the leading spokesman in Parliament for construction of railways and development of mail and telegraph services. In 1865, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. (Wikipedia)
Julius Olavus Middelthun (3 July 1820 – 5 May 1886) was a Norwegian sculptor and educator. He is most associated with his busts and statues. Middelthun was born at Kongsberg in Buskerud, Norway. He was the son of Georg Middelthun (1779–1831) and Maren Margrethe Jørgensen (1785–1829). His father was employed at the Royal Norwegian Mint at Kongsberg. As a young man he trained as a goldsmith before moving to Copenhagen to study with Herman Wilhelm Bissen. His ten years there were followed by eight years in Rome (1851-6), after which he returned to Norway.
From 1869 until his death in 1886, Middlethun taught at the Royal Drawing School in Christiania (Tegneskolen i Kristiania) now the Norwegian National Academy of Craft and Art Industry in Oslo. Among his students were Erik Werenskiold (1883), Louis Moe and Theodor Kittelsen (1874), as well as Edvard Munch (1881) who painted the famous painting The Scream. (Wikipedia)
Among others, Julius Middelthun created the following statues and busts:
Bust of Henrik Wergeland, University Library, Oslo (1861)
Bust of Johan Sebastian Welhaven, University Library, Oslo (1861)
Bust of Otto Thott Fritzner, Trondheim Cathedral School (1862)
Bust of Ole Jacob Broch, National Gallery of Norway (1869)
Bust of Jakob Aall, National Gallery of Norway (1871)
Bronze bust of Halfdan Kjerulf, Halfdan Kjerulfs plass, Oslo (1874)
Statue of Anton Martin Schweigaard, University Square, Oslo (1883)